What Is Cultural Pluralism Short Definition

Por 15 de abril de 2022 Sem categoria

In 1971, unlike multiculturalism, the Canadian government called cultural pluralism the “essence” of national identity. [4] Cultural pluralism can be practiced to varying degrees by a group or individual. [5] A striking example of pluralism is the 20th century United States, where a dominant culture with strong elements of nationalism, sports culture, and artistic culture also included smaller groups with their own ethnic, religious, and cultural norms. [Citation needed] The broad influence of cultural contact must be duly taken into account. Cultural pluralism is another alternative to the concept of “melting pot,” which holds that immigrants must be assimilated and eventually cause them to abandon their own traditions, languages, and cultures, which is the opposite of multiculturalism. For example, in the United States, especially in the early 20th century, when the country experienced the largest influx of immigrants from different parts of the world, this led to a backlash against immigrants that took the form of prejudice, xenophobia, and nativism. The unfamiliar behaviours and appearances of immigrants lead to discriminatory tendencies in the areas of employment, education, housing, government programs and social housing. However, as a result of the success of hard-working and talented immigrants, they have come a long way toward promoting the progress of American society. A 1976 article in the Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare proposed a redefinition of cultural pluralism, described as a social state in which communities of different cultures live together and function in an open system.

[3] Superior peoples are those who have had access to the cultural materials accumulated by the peoples who preceded them. Britannica English: Translation of pluralism for Arabic Speakers In 1976, merwin Crawford Young`s concept was explored in more detail in The Politics of Cultural Pluralism. Young`s work in African Studies emphasizes the flexibility of defining cultural pluralism within a society. [12] Among the new supporters is the moral and cultural anthropologist Richard Shweder. Cultural pluralism is different from multiculturalism, which does not have the requirement of a dominant culture. When the dominant culture is weakened, societies can easily move from cultural pluralism to multiculturalism without that society taking deliberate action. When communities function separately or compete with each other, they are not considered culturally pluralistic. [3] This organization marked the official beginning of Richmond as a cultural center in Virginia. Multiculturalism in political philosophy focuses on the ideas and ways in which communities are or should be viewed in response to religious and cultural differences, and is closely related to identity politics; the policy of recognition and the policy of difference.

Multiculturalism also involves political power and economic interest. In the recent past, multiculturalist ideologies have been expanded to include groups such as LGBT, African-American minorities, indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities, and other religions and ethnic minorities. In the context of political philosophy, multiculturalism is often understood abroad and in the broader sense of description and its realistic use. Most debates about multiculturalism focus on whether multiculturalism is an appropriate way to address the integration and diversity of the immigrant. Cultural pluralism is an expression often used when small groups exist within a larger community, and each of the small groups retains its distinctive cultural identities, practices and values that are acceptable in the broader culture as long as they are relevant or consistent with the ideals and laws of society as a whole. Cultural pluralism differs from multiculturalism in that multiculturalism has no dominant culture. For example, if the dominant culture is significantly weakened, communities could easily move from cultural pluralism to multiculturalism. Sometimes the word multiculturalism is used especially in reference to Western societies that were believed in the past to have attained the de facto identity of a single nation, especially in the 18th and 19th centuries. There are various countries that have adopted multiculturalism as their official policy in the country, especially since the 1970s, and this varies from country to country and includes the argument that many of the major cities in Western countries are made up of a mixture of different cultures.

Some of the countries that have adopted multiculturalism as their official policy are Canada and Australia, which adopted this policy in 1973 and have maintained it to this day. Other countries, such as the Netherlands and Denmark, have adopted multiculturalism as a policy, but have reversed their position on multiculturalism. With the rise of domestic terrorism, leaders of various countries such as the United Kingdom, Australia, Germany and France have spoken out against multiculturalism and expressed concerns about the effectiveness of multiculturalism policies for the integration of immigrants. Often, cultural pluralism and multiculturalism are used interchangeably, but there is a difference. In multiculturalist societies, there is no dominant culture. It is the peaceful coexistence of different small cultures. India has always been proud of its culturally pluralistic society. India has a dominant culture of northern India, Hindu, Hindi-speaking, but the cultures of southern and northeastern India such as cuisines (Idli, Vada, Uttapam), dance forms (Bharatanatyam, Kathakali, Bihu), literature (Sangam literature) are not only respected in the rest of the country, but have an equal place in the cultural exhibition on Republic Day.

Religious pluralism in the form of the proliferation of mosques, Gurudwara, Buddhist, Jain and Parsis temples and their open religious celebration, often followed by their Hindu friends, testifies to India`s religious pluralism. Pluralism cannot be imposed by government through laws, it is embedded in societies as they learn to absorb and respect new cultures. India`s long historical tradition of welcoming cultures that land on its shores allows for the presence of today`s culturally diverse society. The difference between the cultural pluralism of India and America is obvious. America calls itself the “melting pot” of cultures in which all cultures merge to form a common American identity. Cultures are secondary to the dominance of national identity. However, India does not apply a unified idea of an “Indian identity” because there is no uniform definition of what it means to be an Indian. Because of its respect for cultures, India allows citizens to openly practice their culture and develop their own definition of India. A dominant idea of India is not imposed on others to follow. Thus, the West follows a “negative” idea of cultural pluralism, that is, it relegates culture to the private sphere so that one person`s culture does not interfere with another person`s culture and several cultures can coexist peacefully. However, India has a “positive” notion of cultural pluralism, where it allows the full expression of culture in the public space and instead promotes an idea of respect for different cultures.

It is this culturally plural India that we are proud of and try to protect for eternities to come. Cultural pluralism is a term used when small groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identity, with their values and practices accepted by the dominant culture, provided that they conform to the laws and values of society at large. As a sociological term, the definition and description of cultural pluralism has evolved over time. It has been described not only as a fact, but also as a social goal. [1] See the full definition of pluralism in the Dictionary of English Language Learners Cultural pluralism is used in reference to small groups that exist within a larger community, and they can maintain their distinctive values and cultural identities that are not at odds with the overall culture, and they show consistency with the laws and general values of the wider community. The only difference between multiculturalism and cultural pluralism is that in multiculturalism there is no dominant culture, and if the dominant culture is sufficiently weakened, society could move from pluralism to multiculturalism. .